https://revistaidh.org/ojs/index.php/ridh/issue/feed Revista Internacional de Derechos Humanos 2021-07-02T00:27:01+00:00 Gisela Ferrari ferrarigisela@uca.edu.ar Open Journal Systems <p align="justify">La <em>Revista Internacional de Derechos Humanos</em> es una publicación semestral que tiene como principal objetivo la difusión de trabajos de investigación, análisis de casos, contribuciones científicas y aportes doctrinarios sobre la promoción y protección internacional de los derechos humanos.</p> <p align="justify">Es publicada desde 2011 por iniciativa del Centro Latinoamericano de Derechos Humanos, con el apoyo de la Universidad de Zaragoza, España. Su propósito es difundir investigaciones de calidad y actualidad, contribuir al diálogo interdisciplinario, interinstitucional e interregional para debatir la protección de los derechos humanos desde diversas perspectivas.</p> <p align="justify">Los trabajos de investigación y contribuciones científicas deben ser originales y abordar temas de derechos humanos en un sentido amplio (teórico, práctico, histórico, sistemático, etc.), pero siempre con un enfoque jurídico (aunque se aborden otras perspectivas también).</p> https://revistaidh.org/ojs/index.php/ridh/article/view/240 The Legal Liability of Transnational Corporations: Between Extraterritorial Obligations of States and Universal Justice 2021-07-01T23:55:42+00:00 Jania Maria Lopes Saldanha janiasaldanha@gmail.com Lucas Paulo Orlando de Oliveira lucasoliveira@fag.edu.br <p>The paper focuses on the possibilities of accountability of transnational companies, which operate in a “value chain” in different States and jurisdictions around the world. To this purpose, we propose a change in paradigm from solitary sovereignty to solidarity sovereignty, based on the duty of cooperation between the various state jurisdictions, in order to optimize the theoretical-practical understanding on the theme of extraterritoriality and universal justice. In the first part, the paper highlights the pertinence of the theme from a contemporary perspective. In the second part, the paper proposes a liability framework for transnational companies based on the duty of cooperation, which recognizes that this duty applies to both home States, where the large corporations are domiciled, as well as the host States.</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2021 Revista Internacional de Derechos Humanos https://revistaidh.org/ojs/index.php/ridh/article/view/207 Implementation of the Guiding Principles in the Extractive Industries in South America: Observations from the Lithium Triangle 2020-09-09T18:09:44+00:00 Andy Symington a.symington@unsw.edu.au <p><em>The Guiding Principles are the main instrument around which business and human rights dialogue revolves. However, ten years on from their launch, it is of interest to examine their impact on state and company practice on the ground. Drawing on extensive fieldwork in the region, this article examines the impact of the Principles in the lithium extraction industry in South America. It finds that while direct take-up is very limited, there is significant indirect influence via the instrument’s incorporation in other industry-specific or sustainability frameworks. The paper goes on to analyse the applicability of the Guiding Principles and operational steps like due diligence to indigenous rights and to situations where mining companies typically lack capacity until projects are well advanced. Some suggestions are made for increased state and community involvement in due diligence processes to make them a more robust fit to the extractive and indigenous contexts.</em></p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2021 Revista Internacional de Derechos Humanos https://revistaidh.org/ojs/index.php/ridh/article/view/241 The Effectiveness of Public Policies in Promoting Responsible Business Conduct: Rates of Elective Cesarean Sections versus Vaginal Deliveries in Public and Private Healthcare Networks in Brazil 2021-07-02T00:04:58+00:00 Mariana Kaipper de Azevedo mariana_mka@hotmail.com <p>This article analyses the effectiveness of public policies in promoting responsible business conduct in terms of the high rates of elective cesarean sections in Brazil. This frequency runs counter to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, which states that cesarean sections should only be performed when clinically necessary when the health of the mother or child is at risk. The government, which is responsible for protecting fundamental rights that include health, must ensure that public and private health care networks act in the best interest of its citizens. This study involves data collection, bibliographic research, and a review of the legislation, and concludes that although Brazil has numerous public policies to encourage vaginal delivery, these initiatives disregard the determining factors that lead to elective cesarean births.</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2021 Revista Internacional de Derechos Humanos https://revistaidh.org/ojs/index.php/ridh/article/view/242 A Critical Analysis of Business Declarations and Statements from a Human Rights Perspective 2021-07-02T00:15:30+00:00 Nicolás Carrillo-Santarelli nicolas.carrillos@gmail.com Ulf Thoene ulf.thoene@unisabana.edu.co <p>Recent developments in the business and human rights field demonstrate an eagerness to come up with stronger regulations addressed at corporations in the internal realm, required by international norms. This is seen as conducive to the necessary protection of human dignity, which therefore can be seen as insufficiently achieved at the moment. Given the existence of voluntarily-accepted initiatives on corporate-conduct regulation created by businesses or by third parties which are yet not mandatory, it is necessary to consider whether the previous perception is accurate. The article explores this and identifies that voluntary initiatives may produce positive effects that increase the likelihood of a responsible business conduct from a human rights perspective if certain conditions are met, among others by interacting with other regimes in a multi-level manner. However, it also observes that they are unreliable and in no way replace or eliminate the need of coming with mandatory corporate obligations.</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2021 Revista Internacional de Derechos Humanos https://revistaidh.org/ojs/index.php/ridh/article/view/223 The Implementation of the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights in Brazil: A Critical Perspective 2021-07-01T23:22:13+00:00 Flávia do Amaral Vieira ei_flavia@hotmail.com <p>This paper analyses the process of implementing the UN framework of “Protect, Respect and Remedy”. First, it presents a historical overview of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, and then it reflects on the repercussions in Brazil, based on the recommendations made after the visit of the UN Working Group in 2015. In 2018, the Brazilian government published a series of regulations, among them, a National Guideline on Human Rights and Business. Unfortunately, the advances contained in the document end up overshadowed by the fact that it was not created in a participatory and transparent way, and by adopting an optional framework when dealing with corporate human rights responsibility, thus mitigating the obligations of respect for human rights by the companies.</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2021 Revista Internacional de Derechos Humanos https://revistaidh.org/ojs/index.php/ridh/article/view/219 Lof Campo Maripé: reclamo territorial y ejercicio del derecho a la protesta 2020-10-02T10:45:08+00:00 Samantha Singer sasingers@gmail.com <span>Este artículo se propone analizar el conflicto que tiene lugar en Vaca Muerta, Provincia de Neuquén, Argentina, por la extracción de hidrocarburos mediante la técnica de <em>fracking</em>. El análisis se centra en el reclamo territorial del Lof Campo Maripé, una de las comunidades más afectadas por el <em>fracking,</em> a través del ejercicio del derecho a la protesta.</span> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2021 Revista Internacional de Derechos Humanos https://revistaidh.org/ojs/index.php/ridh/article/view/235 El rol de los parlamentos en garantizar el acceso universal a internet como derecho humano 2021-04-22T16:56:09+00:00 Gabriela Commatteo gabriela.commatteo@gmail.com <p>Las transformaciones que ha vivido la humanidad en las últimas décadas, desde la invención de la computadora, Internet y más recientemente la robótica, la impresión 3D, el Big Data, la Inteligencia Artificial, entre otros, suscitan la imperiosa necesidad de brindar un marco de protección que avance sobre una nueva “generación” de derechos. Una “cuarta generación” debería incluir, entre otros, el derecho a la información, a un Estado Abierto, a una democracia plena, a la privacidad en la era digital, a la igualdad e inclusión en el ámbito digital. En el pasado, a medida que se desarrollaban los marcos de protección para las diferentes “generaciones” de derechos humanos, los parlamentos cumplieron un rol fundamental receptando esos derechos en sus ordenamientos internos. En ese contexto, este trabajo explorará las características de Internet como derecho humano, los desafíos que presenta la brecha digital que impiden expandir el acceso universal a Internet, y el rol fundamental que cumplen los parlamentarios en poder garantizarlo. Asimismo, analizará cómo la cooperación internacional a través de la diplomacia parlamentaria sirve como una herramienta para cooperar en la garantía del acceso a Internet y en la gobernanza de Internet, a fin de promover sociedades más justas, igualitarias y democráticas.</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2021 Revista Internacional de Derechos Humanos https://revistaidh.org/ojs/index.php/ridh/article/view/239 Editorial 2021-07-01T22:46:20+00:00 Gisela Ferrari ferrarigisela@uca.edu.ar C. Ignacio de Casas idecasas@gmail.com Salvador Herencia Carrasco shere045@uottawa.ca <p>Editorial</p> 2021-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2021 Revista Internacional de Derechos Humanos