State Obligations in the Context of Unhealthy Diets: Paving the Way Within the Inter-American Human Rights System

Autores/as

Palabras clave:

Sistema interamericano de derechos humanos (SIDH), enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles (ENT), industria de productos comestibles y bebidas, debida diligencia, prevención, complicidad, captura corporativa

Resumen

Las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles son la principal causa de morbilidad, mortalidad y discapacidad en las Américas. Las ENT son en gran medida prevenibles dada la naturaleza modificable de sus factores de riesgo, incluyendo el consumo elevado de productos procesados y ultra-procesados, asociado con las prácticas de la industria de productos comestibles y de bebidas. Este artículo explora los factores de riesgo de las ENT relacionados con la dieta como un asunto de derechos humanos que puede y debe ser abordado en el ámbito del SIDH. Se argumenta que los Estados podrían ser responsables por incumplir la obligación de garantizar los derechos humanos; específicamente, al no actuar con la diligencia debida y regular la conducta de la industria de productos comestibles y bebidas. Además, se argumenta que los Estados también podrían resultar responsables por el incumplimiento de la obligación de respetar los derechos humanos, considerando su complicidad con la industria.

Biografía del autor/a

Isabel Barbosa, Georgetown University Law Center

Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University Law Center and an Associate at the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, working at the Global Center for Legal Innovation on Food Environments.

Belén Ríos, O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law

Consultant at the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, working at the Global Center for Legal Innovation on Food Environments

Ariadna Tovar Ramírez , O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law

Consultant at the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, working at the Global Center for Legal Innovation on Food Environments.

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2021-01-06